Friday, April 5, 2019

Rape Culture Oriented Feminism Sociology Essay

Rape tillage Oriented Feminism Sociology EssayPart of the current womens lib hit is to raise sensory faculty of what is cognize as vitiate shade. Rape culture is a socially constructed concept that depicts a culture in which versed violence and infr make forion are belittled, tolerated, and even justified in society. This concept is related to rough specific behaviors such as womens causal role, loot stereotypes, sexual objectification, and trivialization of sack along with sexual discrimination.Legally, plunder is defined as forced sexual intercourse between a patch and a adult womanish against the womans will (or the mans). In m both states, the legal definition of bilk does non include marital screw up. In differents term, husbands which force their wives into sex are non punished by law, as profane is completely seen as illegitimate sexual intercourse, i.e., the wifes exception implies that attack is assail if and and if the man commits the piece on a woman other than his wife. This would suggest that sexual violence is not always casted as an act of intrusion. in time more, this implies that the law efficiency consider sexual assaults as toler adapted. For a forced sexual act to be sanctioned as vitiate, the man should not obtain conjugal rights oer the woman. In other terms, the laws toleration of a violent sexual act depends on the relationship between the victim and her rapist.According to the womens liberationists rape culture possibility, sexist behaviors contribute to the normalization of sexual assaults towards women. The root of rape culture is -according to the theory- the objectification and domination of women in a highly patriarchal society. Rape culture exists today because of the socially constructed image of sex as being an act of male domination over women. It is the traditional perception of how men and women are to suffice which is the cause of rape being so trivialized. Men are expected to have sexual assurance in the relationship whereas women are pictured as passive, subordinate creatures.The contrast between men and women in the socially constructed sexual culture can be seen in dating for instance. In a date, a man is expected to buy gifts, dinner, drive the date of/from location to location and visualiseer the woman with attention. golf club has accustomed men to expect sexual rewards for their actions. The man thinks he has a right to sexual favors because of what he did on the date. This reasoning puts women as legitimate for sexual aggressions, and gives justifications for men to reason what they might do. When society produces rapists by encouraging values such as domination, anger, aggression, violence and rejecting the idea of men expressing and sharing their feelings, it fosters a rape culture.The rapists are to a fault victims in the sense that they are frustrated by not being able to nurture their need for love and affection by dint of more normal, healthier wa ys hence p recumbacting through violence.Social conditioning through media holds a huge bankrupt of responsibility in rape culture orientated societies. Men and women are made to behave and think in a very(prenominal) specific way from a very early age through school and popular culture. Women and girls should act properly and in a ladylike manner, men should be strong and unemotional. This socialization process, this distribution of roles and behaviors creates the unbalance of antecedent between men and women, big(p) the floor to male domination over female subordination, and indirectly training women how to be dishonour, and men how to be rapists.Some rules which train women how to be ladies genuinely contribute to a lot of rape situations. For instance, a lady should not make a scene just because she is at discomfort. During a sexual assault, wouldnt this entitle that the woman should stay quiet, in order to preserve ladylike qualities? A lady should always trust and be kind to strangers which offer to help. This rule gives rapists plenty of situations where they can pull someones leg women into thinking that they are actually willing to help them whilst having planned the rape act. Another rule claims that a lady should always graciously smile when spoken to. A capability rapist might consider a woman acknowledging him with a smile as her being consenting to the situation.Social conditioning has also leaded us to deem as true a set of prejudicial beliefs, called rape myths. These stereotypes picture aggressors with justifications and legitimization for their acts of sexual violence. Feminists claim that rape myths are fundamental to the patriarchal society which supports control and domination relationships. not only do those stereotypes and lies present assaulters with excuses for their acts, but they also pass away the responsibility of the act away from the aggressors and lay it on the victims.Some examples of rape myths include Black men r ape blanched women, Provocative female clothing is the cause of rape, its the victims fault, She was asking for it Even more dangerous is womens acceptance as the ones to blame for rape and the hostility some women show towards other women which were rape victims, by saying and believing in claims such as She provoked the rape, Men are unable to control themselves, rape is only perpetrated by blare men.The new trend nowadays, and from what I hear around me when I ask people about the causal role of women in a rape situation is to say that women should not dress in an bid way then blame men for raping them. Society is full of sick men, and women should be prepared for this. dishonour women actually had it coming.A study done in Germany where participants (students) were given a set of questions, tried to sum to which extent rape myths were accepted and it tried to study the correlation between the desire for sexual em great powerment and the inclination to accept rape and rape myths. The results of this study supported the feminist theory which claims that rape is very much more linked to the desire for men to express their dominance and control over women than to simple sexual arousal. in that location are three main theories which suggest different featureors as support for the proliferation of rape culture.The outgrowth theory, sexual urge disparity, claims that rape is the main instrument for patriarchal societies to keep oppression and control. As discussed earlier, the imbalance of power in the relationship between men and women is a direct cause of the objectification and subordination of women versus the domination and deduction of force of men, which encourages rapist behavior.The second theory, cultural overflow, claims that rape myths and gender socialization are not the only causes for sexual violence, as other components of culture might serve to justify and trivialize rape. An example would be the aspects of violence in our everyday lif e. Violence in schools, in media, and in governments can be extrapolate or extended to relationships, thus condoning rape acts.The third theory, social disturbance, suggests that elevated rates of rape might reflect disturbance in social lives such as divorce and relocation. A generalization of the theory would be that deviant acts in general mirror social disorganization which disturbs commonly agreed on social mores.Although I agree with the fact that feminists have done well in raising awareness against rape in societies, and (to some extent) to how society might have contributed to the increase of rape rates through popular culture and mass media, I think there are some issues with rape culture as an entity proposed by traditional feminists.Traditional feminists rape culture theory mainly insists on gender imbalance as being the cause of rape proliferation in society. However, and as the Cultural Spillover theory suggest, other factors and other components might cause increase in rapes rates.The war in Bosnia (92-95) was infamously known for wartime rape. Many Moslem women in Bosnia were raped by Serbs at the time. Rape becomes a weapon of war in this case. It is not intentionally or (at the least solely) directed towards the individual victim, but rather used as any other tool to hurt the enemy.The rape during the Yugoslav conflicts was consequently labeled as genocide rape or rape warfare. Many examples in India, South Asian, and Middle Eastern and South African countries show similar patterns where the culture of war and violence tends to lead to a tacit acceptance of rape in society.Rape as a war weapon can be much more powerful than any other weapon as the lasting effects of such an act not only hurt the individual on the long term but the society as a whole. through with(predicate) children born in time of rape warfare, the society is relentlessly reminded of the war and the enemy. It is one of the most degrading and brutal attacks that could be carried on the enemy. Victims of rape in war time live in closing off from their family and community, especially if they have a child born from the rape act.Another issue with the traditionalist feminist view on rape is the binary structure and the rather monolithic perspective on the matter. There is this tendency to represent men as evil animalistic rapist creatures and women as helpless amenable victims.The feminist cause is first and foremost a fight for opposeity. As a movement which condemns rape as a result of gender inequality, the irony here is the separation between genders which label the man as a rapist and the woman as a victim. The theory depicts all men as potential rapists and sex offenders, controlling and dominant. Across my seek, I noticed that most of the literature on rape culture only highlights female point violence. Such discrepancy makes it appear as if male oriented violence does not exist, and that female victims are much more prevalent. Such unfairne ss in research contributes to the rigid binary representation of the matter.The danger in doing such propaganda (i.e. labeling all men are potential sexual aggressors) makes it sound as if being a man is enough to identify the person as someone likely to rape. Even the definitions I encountered on feminist blogs and journals define rape as the act of sexual violence towards a woman by a man without her consent, but not frailness versa. A similar distortion can be seen when talking about domestic violence as it is now assumed and taken for granted that men are the wife beaters. While feminisms original strive is to gain and maintain equality between the genders, rape culture theories create a serious loophole as such distortions and discrepancies actually put women as the harmless gender on higher grounds for moralistic superiority in comparison with men as the harmful gender, which creates gender imbalance all over again.By acting as such, feminists negate their goal of gender equ ality. It is not anymore the battle for equal rights it is the fight for moral superiority that is at stake here.Hence as much as rape culture following the feminist view trivialize and encourage rape, rape culture also value this feminist view of men being animalistic and unable to control their urges in comparison with women.A third issue with rape culture is the labeling itself of the entity. What does rape culture exactly encapsulates? I am pertain that the focus of feminists on rape culture might exclude other abused victims which were not unresolved to rape but other types of violence.For instance, domestic violence victims doesnt necessarily mean rape victims. Arent those women excluded from the movement because of the fact that they were not raped? Sexually harassed women are not necessarily raped too, where do they root word in the rape culture movement? By choosing a label and identifying an entity such as rape culture, Rape acquires a special place in the feminist mov ement, as women who were raped gain a unique status which makes them a priority over other women.The problem here is that, by giving rape this privileged status, by making the focus rape and rape culture, the feminist movement creates this gender-separatist, sexist entity which shadows other gender related issues. Other society problems are as important as the rape issue, yet we do not have a child molesting culture entity for instance.Furthermore, one can actually tear a pattern of similarities between the feminist rape culture movement and the traditional white feminist movement, because both are discriminatory in a way. The white feminist movement does not represent black and Latino women for instance. Similarly, rape culture feminists do not represent battered women or women who were not raped but were still victims of sexual harassment.Rape culture oriented feminism does have some good arguments as socially constructed behaviors and gender roles do impact on rape behaviors. H owever, and to draw the analogy with the white feminist movement, victimized women which were raped as a product of the imbalance of power between men and women in society represent only a small part of the rape victims and situations, as much as white desperate housewives with college degrees who are forced to stay at hearthstone only represent a small portion of oppressed women.Just as white feminism should evolve to include other women in the group, rape culture oriented feminism should also channel by broadening its area of interest and not limiting itself only to first physically raped victims and second physically raped victims outside the sample society provided by rape culture oriented feminism. Wartime rape victims, which are ignored by this feminist movement currently should also be part of the strive. Furthermore, the movement should also reconsider the monolithic view it gives of society which separates men and women in a negatively charged way. Rape culture oriented literature so far is very biased in terms of who does the aggressions. It should also recognize that not all men are aggressors, because of the unfairness and incorrectness of such accusation, and move towards a more cooperative image between the genders rather than the hatred one it currently gives. lam citedRape Myths. Research Advocacy Digest

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