Wednesday, March 13, 2019
Jewish religion Essay
Judaism is the Jewish religion. It is unrivalled of the oldest of the great world religions, and is the get down religion of both Christianity and Islam. Judaism was non founded by one towering personality, as were most other religions. Abraham and Moses argon not regarded as founders. Abraham was the father of the Hebraical people and Moses was the law-giver. With the destruction of Solomons temple at Jerusalem in 586 B. C. began the scattering of the Hebrews over populacey nations. From then on Judaism developed as a religion without the priestly class of the ancient temple.Moreover, Judaism is one of the oldest beliefs that are still observed and practiced up to the present and considered as one of the first recorded monotheistic trustingnesss. The Jewishs values and fib are the main fork of the foundation of polar Abrahamic religions like Christianity, Islam, Samaritanism and the Bahai Faith. In 2006, Judaisms devotees are approximately 14 million that makes Judaism fai th as the eleventh-biggest organized religion globally. Unlike with other religions, Judaism is totally pellucid in such a way that its central authority is not vested in any person or gathering but it abides in its writings and traditions.This would mean that Judaism religion does not have a creative thinker or a leader that oversees them but they rather obey what is written in its writings and traditions. Moreover, the Judaism church is continually bound to a bend of religious practices and beliefs, specifically its belief that there is one, omnipotent, omni benevolent, transcended omniscient divinity fudge who make the heavens and the earth and continually have its control over mankind. The constituted Jewish belief stated that the God who do the universe had made a covenant with the Jewish people only and gave his laws and commandments through Torah.Judaisms belief and practices are focused on these laws and commandments (see Asheri, Michael. Living Jewish the percepti on and law of the Practicing Jew, 1999). According to Jewish law, anyone who has a Jewish mother counts as a Jew, even if he or she is not religious. Many Jews do, however, actively follow the religious practices of Judaism. Judaism is one of the worlds oldest religions, beginning well-nigh 3,500 years ago in the Middle East. Today, there are around 18 million Jews. They live all over the world, but mostly in the United States, Europe and Israel.There are many different groups of Jews with different ways of practicing their faith. The main groups are Orthodox, Reform and Conservative Jews (see Jacobs, Louis. The ledger of Jewish Belief (Behrman House, 2000). The intents of this paper are to (1) know what Judaism is and how it started and (2) to compare Judaism to Christianity. II. backdrop According to the Jewish holy books, the first Jew was a man called Abraham, who is cognise as the father of the Jewish people. He was the leader of a group of nomadic people, called the Hebr ews. At that time, the Hebrews worshipped many different gods.Abraham taught his people that there is only one God and that they should worship only him. Jews believe that God made a covenant, or agreement, with Abraham. If Abraham and his people worshipped God and lived just and just lives, God would look after them and give them a land of their own to live in. This was the Promised Land of Canaan (see Shenker, Israel. Coat of many colorise Pages from Jewish Life (Doubleday, 2001). The Jews settled in Canaan but centuries later, shortage forced their descendants to move to Egypt in search of food. They worked for the Egyptians but were set like slaves and their lives were extremely miserable.God remembered his promise to Abraham and sent a man called Moses to lead the Jews to freedom. Several times, Moses asked the Pharaoh to let the Jews go, but each time he refused. Only after God sent ten terrible plagues to Egypt did the Pharaoh transport his mind. Moses led the Jews out o f Egypt and into the desert. After 40 years of wandering, God guide the Jews back to the Promised Land (see Prager, Dennis, and Joseph Telushkin. Nine Questions People Ask About Judaism (Simon & Schuster, 1999). The Jewish scriptures are called the Tenakh.They are divided into three separatethe Torah (5 Books of Teaching), the Neviim (21 Books of the Prophets) and the Ketuvim (13 Books of Writings). The initials of the three partsT, N and Kgive the word Tenakh. For Jews, the Torah is the most important part of their scriptures because it contains the rules that teach Jews how to live their lives. These are the teachings that God gave to Moses on Mount Sinai during the Jews travel through the desert. They are summed up by ten rules, or commandments (see Musaph-Andriesse, R. G. From Torah to kabala a Basic Introduction to the Writings of Judaism (Oxford University, 1998).