Wednesday, February 27, 2019
Health and Safety in the Workplace Essay
* The wiring can be temperamental, the hot pissing scheme is often not on the job(p) and the canteen is in a basement room with no external lighting or windows. in that location are only 3 toilets in the building and these are excessively situated on the lower ground take aback, near to the canteen. The oeuvre ( health, synthetic rubber & Welfare) Regulations 1992 state that in reference to lighting E genuinely employment shall oblige suitable and ample lighting. Where it is practicable, the lighting shall be by natural light. worthy and suitable emergency lighting shall be provided. To mend the lighting print in the canteen, sufficient lighting would call for to be provided & maintained other the comp somewhat(prenominal) would be br individuallying these regulations. These regulations to a fault state that in regards to temperature in the work should be reasonable for indoor work corrects. in that location should be a sufficient follow of thermometers provided to allow checking of temperature.With the hot water system failing to pass a charge at all times it is required the temperature should be monitored carefully & should ideally be replaced with one that is reliable. The toilets in the canteen area ordain directiness to be well lit as well, but as well very well ventilated with a high quantity of fresh air. The study (Health, Safety & Welfare) Regulations 1992 state that three bathrooms are required for between 26 50 employees, if at that place are more employees thus additional WC facilities will be required.Also, There must be hot and cold water, soap, and every electric hand dryers or towels provided. The electricity at Work recreate 1989 states that within the work place, those responsible must Have their electrical systems constructed in a way that prevents danger. This includes testing all new equipment to en indisputable that it is safe. champion their electrical systems correctly to prevent danger. Have repaired or c losed whatsoever electrical system that causes danger. The electrical system is temperamental & will need to be repaired & in some areas perhaps replaced to keep up to the standards that The Electricity at Work Act 1989 requires.* The lift has been out of service for some considerable time and the computers are constantly breaking down. The Provision and exercise of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 states that all equipment provided must be maintained and unbroken in serious working order therefore the computers & the lift are not meeting these regulations as they are continuously breaking down or in the case of the lift, not working at all. They must all be replaced or repaired so that they are available for use by all people within the building. The manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 also say, with regards to the lift, that where manual discussion is unavoidable, they should be mechanised with the use of trolleys, lifts and hoists. So if each lifting tasks were to occur, the lift should be available to use as it is already in place.* None of the air conditioning units are working and none of the windows open. each(prenominal) files that need to be kept are stored under the stairs on each of the different floors. The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 say that a stripped temperature of 16C should be maintained in an area of pattern physical activity & there should be a good number of thermometers positioned at above 0.5m off the ground to display the room temperature. There is no maximum temperature for a workplace provided these regulations state that the workplace should be comfortable and reasonable.The Workplace (Health, Safety & Welfare) Regulations 1992 also say that the show of fresh air should not normally be below 5-8 litres per second, per resident physician so the fact that the air conditioning units dont single-valued function & the windows do not open breach these regulations entirely & should be repai red or replaced immediately. With the files of the comp some(prenominal) being stored under the stairs, the company could well be breaching the rules of The entropy Protection Act 1998 which states that information stored about people cannot be approached by a third party without their knowledge. The inadequate computer storage below each of the stairs is not secure & therefore anyone within the building could access them.The Statutory duties of employers and employees relating to health, safety and welfare as commit out by the government says that the employer must explicitly provide arrangements for ensuring safe means of handling, use, storage and transport of articles and substances. All files being stored under the stairs does definitely not provide a safe means of storing documents so an alternative organisational system should be used for the companys files. The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 also sets out to protect people at work & to protect people not at work from those who are, the files could personify a trip hazard to employees & people visiting the building, some other reason for an alternative storage system to be employed.* The offices are cleaned on a weekly basis, but all the cleaning products are kept in the canteen near the emergency exit. Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) is the law that requires employers to control substances that are hazardous to health1 & not storing the cleaning products safely & securely if they contain any constipationful ingredients (which many cleaning products do) breaches the regulations set out. You can prevent or reduce workers exposure to hazardous substances by* finding out what the health hazards are* deciding how to prevent harm to health (risk assessment2)* providing control measures to reduce harm to health* making sure they are used * keeping all control measures in good working order* providing information, instruction and training for employees and others* providing monito ring and health watch in appropriate cases* planning for emergencies.If the cleaning products declare always been stored by the emergency exit, then the company are in breach of The prudence of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 as they have failed to observe that there is a risk to its employees & have obviously failed to conduct a thorough risk assessment. With the cleaning products obstructing the emergency exit, The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) modulate 2005 states that clear fire instructions should be displayed in all buildings escapism routes should be clearly signposted and free from obstruction. The cleaning products being stored there are a direct violation of this & they should be removed then stored safely & securely.* The majority of photocopiers are out of action on each of the floors this means that all staff have to go to the 5th floor to get good quality copies. The Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 states that any equipment provi ded must be maintained and kept in good working order, the unusable photocopiers breach these regulations & must be repaired or replaced.The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 state to avoid the need for employees to undertake any manual handling operations at work which involve a risk of their being injured. Under the Regulations, a suitable and sufficient risk assessment of all manual handling operations should be carried out to quantify the risks and put suitable guidance and support in place to make sure risks are kept to a minimum. The employer is also expected to train staff where necessary in the correct way to manually lift and handle objects. The employer has done neither, so to prevent accidents occurring, the employer should implement these immediately.* On your first day at the new office, one of the receptionists, who is referable to go on maternity leave in the next cardinal weeks falls down the stairs (after having done a large sum of photocopying) and bre aks her leg, her arm and her collarbone. The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 (MHOR)3 requires an employer to carry out a risk assessment on all manual handling tasks that pose an injury risk. If the employer had assessed this properly, a system or alternative way of travel the photocopied documents could have been developed, or perhaps another member of staff could have taken on this responsibility. The employers duty is to avoid manual handling as far as pretty practicable if there is a possibility of injury. If this cannot be done then they must take stairs to reduce the risk of injury as far as reasonably practicable.With the lift being available but closed due to a fault, the employer is not utilizing the available mechanisms as the lift has not been repaired. This puts any employee carrying any large object(s) at risk of injury & the lift will need to be repaired with adequate alternative carrying methods for employees who are unable to do so. Also, The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 says that rest facilities must be provided for pregnant women and nursing mothers, this whitethorn not be relevant to the woman falling down the stairs, however if this has not been provided for her, it could have contributed if she was tired & unable to find a place to rest or not allowed to take time to rest.